Both trials included the hardliners who had fueled the conflict, resulting in deals that also froze sectarian identity as part of the settlement, thus persevering in the underlying conflict. In both cases, the hope was dashed that the passage of time and public pressure would lead to a development of political arrangements far from their sectarian roots. The 1998 agreement came at a time when the post-Cold War era was very optimistic about the prospects for a solution to the long-standing political conflict, from the Middle East to the Balkans to Colombia. The passage of time has boosted these hopes, as many conflicts have been relentlessly against a solution, and even agreements that have remained intact have largely proved disappointing in achieving true reconciliation. .